When light hits a photovoltaic cell it is either absorbed, bounced off, or passed through the cell. The cell itself is composed of different materials that combine some properties of metals and some properties of insulators. Let’s take a look at the different types of solar photovoltaic in Jupiter.
A thin-film solar cell is comprised of one or more thin layers of PV material on a supporting material. That supporting material can be glass, plastic, or metal. There are two main types of thin-film cells on the market today. Those two are cadmium telluride (CdTe) and copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS).
Organic cells are made up of carbon-rich polymers. They can be tailored to enhance a specific function of the cell, such as sensitivity to a certain type of light. These cells have the potential to provide electricity at a lower cost than other photovoltaic cells.
Also known as CPV, concentration photovoltaics use a mirror or lens in order to focus sunlight onto a solar cell. Because a small area is being focused on, fewer materials are required when it comes to CPV. These cells are more efficient, but they are also more expensive because they require more expensive materials and manufacturing techniques.
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